Risks of Surgery

All surgeries and medical procedures carry an inherent risk of serious health complications for the patient, during or after the procedure, up to and including death. Life-threatening or serious medical complications may require unforeseen and/or extended hospitalization and/or revision medical procedures or surgeries. 

Examples of such complications include, but are not limited to: tissue injury, organ damage, infection, bleeding, internal scarring, which could lead to long-lasting or permanent pain/dysfunction/disability. Surgery and other medical procedure risks also include the risk of human error and/or equipment failure. Individual surgical or medical results may vary. 

Surgery risks could extend beyond the surgery room, for which the patient will have to bear responsibility. Patients are expected to adhere to the surgeon or physician’s post-operative care instructions to reduce the risk of complications. Minimally or less invasive surgical or medical procedure related risks for the patients include, but are not limited to: temporary pain and discomfort, nerve injury, discomfort related to prolonged surgery and time under anesthesia due to any reason.

A change of surgical technique or multiple procedures could extend the surgical time, subject the patient to longer time under anesthesia, require larger or additional incisions, and/or increase the medical complications. Patients should provide their informed consent for any medical or surgical procedure after carefully reviewing all pertinent information with their physician(s) and determine the appropriate surgical or non-surgical treatment options. 

Patients should consider all the safety information, including their existing medical condition, indications and contraindications, and medical and surgical risks of complications before making a decision. Patients should know that surgical procedures could result in permanent scarring. The quoted prices for a medical or surgical procedure do not include any potential fees or expenses occurring due to complications subsequent to the surgery and discharge from the healthcare facility.